Monthly Archives: March 2014

The Fam Visits Italy Part 2

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After we all finally got to Rome from the Amalfi Coast two Sundays ago, my family spent three days touring the city. The first Monday they hopped on a bus at 7:30am for a 14 hour day trip to Assisi and Orvieto, two Medieval towns in the countryside of Umbria. Unfortunately I couldn’t go because I had class, but I was able to meet up with them in between their tours on Tuesday when they were back in Rome.

That Wednesday evening we took a train together from Termini to the Santa Maria Novella station in Florence. We checked into the Mona Lisa hotel, which was beautifully decorated in Renaissance decor. The door to our room actually looked more like a hidden secret passageway than a door!

The next four days were go go go!

Duomo di Firenze

Duomo di Firenze

Thursday was our first full day in Florence and we started with a general “best of Florence” walking tour that met at Piazza San Marco. Florence is a small city, but yet so rich in art, history, and culture! From the piazza we toured the city and saw its most iconic monuments, most of which were located in the heart at Piazza del Duomo. The Duomo of Florence is the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore and is the fourth largest church in Europe. Alongside the Duomo is Giotto’s gothic bell tower. The Duomo is massively impressive…I couldn’t even take just one picture encompassing the whole scene. We also visited the Galleria dell’Accademia, an art museum home to Michelangelo’s statue of David. David was finished in 1504 and stands 17 feet tall. Michelangelo’s mastery of the human anatomy is truly outstanding…our group spent at least 20 minutes just admiring! The Ponte Vecchio crossing the Arno is Florence’s oldest (1345) bridge and the only one that survived bombing during WWII. It was especially charming at night, when all the shops along it were closed and padlocked resembling a collection of old chests.

The Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio at sunset taken from inside the Uffizzi Gallery.

The Ponte Vecchio at sunset taken from inside the Uffizzi Gallery.

After the tour and a short break for lunch, we had a private afternoon visit to the Uffizzi Gallery, which houses a huge collection of art pieces that originally belonged to the Medici family. Once a powerful political and royal house in Florence during the 14th Century, the last heiress in the 18th Century bore no children and so willed all the personal property of the Medici to the Tuscan state. Thanks to the family’s sponsorship of art and architecture, the Uffizi holds famous works like Giotto’s Madonna, Sandro Botticelli’s Birth of Venus and La Primavera, Leonardo da Vinci’s The Annunciation, as well as works by Raphaelle, Caravaggio, Michelangelo, and many others.

On Friday it was off to yet another location! With our luggage in tow, we took a bus day trip to Siena, San Gimignano, and Chianti in the Tuscan countryside, complete with medieval hill towns, wine tasting, and bell tower climbing.

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View from the top of a bell tower in San Gimignano.

Once we came back to Florence, we immediately headed for the train station to travel further north to Venice. Getting out of the Santa Lucia station once we arrived summed up Venice in a nutshell: the exit led us to the Canal Grande where we had the option of either taking a water taxi or the water bus! There are no cars, not even mopeds! We decided to take a taxi since it was dark and late, and what a good decision that was! The taxi pulled up right to a little port in front of the Ca’ dei Conti hotel. If we had decided to walk, who knows where we would have ended up. Even though Venice is probably my favorite city in Italy, its also the most difficult to navigate. The roads are more like alleys and are connected by little bridges.

Our first full day again began with a general walking tour, which included Piazza San Marco and Doges Palace. The renaissance feel was apparent all throughout the city. Every street vendor and boutique were selling Carnevale masks. It was exciting for me because I’m currently reading the play “Il Servitore di Due Padroni” by Carlo Goldoni in 1743 for my Italian theater class. The play takes place in Venice (some of it is actually written in Venetian dialect) and is performed around Carnevale for Commedia dell’arte. We passed the statue of Goldoni in Campo San Bartolomeo on the tour, so it was cool to put what I’ve learned at school into perspective.

IMG_1616My favorite part of the trip was the gondola ride! The “romantic waterways of Venice” tour passed along the Canal Grande and the Rialto, the most famous bridge in Venice. Unfortunately it costs over 100 euro for the gondolier to sing, but the experience was still just so amazing! I couldn’t stop taking pictures.

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The weather on Saturday was rainy and windy but I can’t say it didn’t fit with the Venetian water-city vibe. We took a boat to the islands of Murano, Burano and Torcello. Murano is known throughout the world for its glass manufacturing industry. We stopped only for about 40 minutes to visit one of the factories and watch a craftsman in action. The second stop in Burano was picturesque…the city is known for its lace but also for its fisherman’s houses painted in bright colors. The last stop was in Torcello, the first center of civilization in the estuary.

Burano's bright houses.

Burano’s bright houses.

The rest of our last day in Venice was spent inside our hotel, not only because of the rain, but also because we were exhausted! It was definitely a very long and busy week of traveling but I spent it with my family and saw more than I’ve seen since being abroad. Leave it to my mom to pack over 10 cities in our itinerary! 🙂

Brussels, Business, Beyoncé

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My class trip this weekend was full of “when will I ever be able to do this again” moments.

My International Business of the European Union class traveled to Brussels, Belgium this past weekend to meet with several organizations in the European government.

Our first meeting on Friday morning was with the European Parliament. After leaving the European Parliament we were welcomed by NATO. We spoke with Ms. Antonella Cerasino, Head of NATO Assessment Team and Mr. Daniele Riggio, Press and Media Officer. Our last meeting of the day was at the European Commission with Messrs. Tom White (Honeywell’s Vice President for Government Relations Europe, Middle East and Africa) and Maurits Pino (Directorates-General for Competition).

After our meetings were over we changed out of our suits as fast as we possibly could and several of us jumped the next possible train to Antwerp, Belgium TO SEE BEYONCE! Yes, you read that right; Beyoncé was performing in Belgium coincidentally the same weekend that we were there.

I’m not really the kind of person who drops hundreds of dollars to see someone in concert, but hey, I’m abroad! And when else would I ever get the opportunity to see one of my favorite artists perform in a country other than the United States?

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Beyoncé is everything that everyone hypes her up to be. The show was full of flashing lights, fire, and confetti. Not only was it visually incredible, but her performance was flawless! She performed a mix of her greatest hits like Single Ladies and Halo along with some new songs off her recently dropped self-titled album Beyoncé. But she didn’t just sing the songs, oh no, there was a full set choreography to go along with every song.

Tip for traveling: Look into trains and the metro! They are both much cheaper options than taxis. Brussels to Antwerp was about an hour and twenty minute train ride, and €8.40 round trip. Compare that to a one-way taxi ride with a flat rate of €150!

We were given Saturday to explore the city of Brussels on our own. We stumbled upon a celebration in the square of the Grand Place, quickly checked Belgian chocolate off our lists of things to bring home with us, and even made it to Manneken Pis, the infamous urinating baby statue seen everywhere in Brussels.

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Even when it comes to hot chocolate here you had at least 20 options. These nifty spoons had a block of chocolate stuck on the end that when dunked into hot milk made for a delicious snack!

To finish up our afternoon in Brussels we got something you can’t go to Belgium and not get, waffles! With a variety of fruits and chocolate to choose from it was hard picking just one waffle, and on top of it already being hard to choose, I don’t think I will ever be able to find a waffle in the United States that even closely compares.

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The Fam Visits Italy

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Your family visiting you in Italy means a whirlwind of traveling…but in a good way! (At least I didn’t have to do any of the planning myself! 😉 )

My parents and my younger sister arrived in Naples last Saturday morning, where my roommate and I met them via a quick (and cheap) train ride from Rome. Not long after checking into Hotel Garibaldi and having a quick lunch did we depart for the Church of Il Gesu Nuovo for our private walking tour of underground Naples. Our tour guide was adamant in introducing the old center of the city as a “layer cake,” which was definitely evident once we entered the ancient forum below street level. The lowest levels underground are naturally the oldest, and in ascending order, you travel through history. Centuries were built on top of previous ones. Naples was originally founded by the Greeks, who were then conquered by the Romans. This sequence of time is clear in the forum’s layer cake. The lowest excavations show original Greek architecture and the lack of concrete, whereas the buildings on top of them are distinctly Roman in their layout and do use concrete because the Romans themselves invented it. I was surprised to see how well preserved the forum is in comparison to the forum in Rome. But again, this is attributed to the layer cake concept. Naples’ ancient foundation is still underground because a church was built right on top of it.

Of course by dinner time, all five of us were starving and eager to try some authentic Neapolitan pizza…which was delicious! Definitely the best I’ve had in Italy so far. The crust was thin but also soft, which apparently is so because of the water in Naples. It’s pure and doesn’t have any minerals, unlike Roman water which has more calcium.

Early the next morning we checked out of our hotel and immediately loaded into a car service which stopped first in Pompeii and then continued on to the Amalfi Coast, in Amalfi City, Positano, and Sorrento. Pompeii was amazingly preserved, including several plaster body casts of the Mount Vesuvius eruption victims, which I admit was a little creepy. There was even one of a poor dog! Unfortunately for them but lucky for us, the preservation of the city tells us a lot about the sophistication and lifestyle of the time period. Pompeii eventually became a Roman colony, so like Rome, there was an aqueduct system for running water. Our tour guide pointed out that every few blocks, there were three stepping stones intersecting the street so people could cross without getting wet…the streets were always flushed and flooding with overflowing water.

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Next on the tour was a drive over to the coast, and every view from the three cities we stopped in was spectacular. Positano reminded me of a small beach town, with all of its shops built right into the cliffs. The shore line was filled with people playing in the sand and some venturing into the water. We ate lunch at a restaurant overlooking the scene. Sorento was a lot more modern and reminded me more of a bustling city, but with views of the Mediterranean and the cliffs still visible from the piazza. On the way there, we actually stopped at a roadside stand for some homemade limoncello…Amalfi is well-known for their lemons. It was overall just such a beautiful day…I actually plan to go back with a friend in a few weeks and stay for the weekend, rather than just a Sunday.

Positano from the shore.

Amalfi from the shore.

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The drive from there back to Rome is typically only a couple of hours, but with the traffic (there is only one road that leads out of the coast), it took about two extra hours. It was a relief to be home and settled…but that won’t last long! That was only the first weekend of their trip and there’s still more to come!

Teeny Tiny Show

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Opening Night of Temple's Tiny Biennale Show.

Opening Night of Temple’s Tiny Biennale Show. 

The curator and Temple Arts professor Susan Moore.

The curator and Temple Arts Professor Susan Moore.

Everyone needs to get up close and personal to check out the artworks

Everyone needs to get up close and personal to check out the artworks.

Temple Rome Professor Anita Guerra standing next to her tiny painting

Temple Rome Professor Anita Guerra standing next to her tiny painting.

Some student made tiny sculptures.

Tiny sculptures made by a student.

Tiny art by Temple painting major Macauley

Tiny art by Temple painting major Macauley.

Grad Student Haigen looking realy close at his art.

Graduate Student Haigen looking really close at his art.

Photo student Emma standing next to her tiny photo

Photography major Emma standing next to her tiny photo.

Tiny works by Mina, Eli, and Nellie (respectively)

Tiny works by Mina, Eli, and Nellie (respectively).

The show continues upstairs to the open studios.

The show continues upstairs to the open studios.

To the beach!

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This time of year, you can look around the streets of Rome or the metro and find every Italian man, woman, and child bundled up head to toe in scarves, puffy jackets, and boots.  You can imagine their surprise then, when one and a half dozen American college students clambered onto the Cipro metro early Saturday afternoon, clad in denim shorts, tank tops, swimsuits and sunglasses.  We were even carrying a (American) football.  The forecast read sixty-six degrees and sunny, weather we deemed perfect for an afternoon on the shore.

Ostia Lido beach is the closest beach to Rome, and it’s possible to get there from the Temple Residence for the low low price of one metro ticket (1.50 euro if you don’t have the monthly pass that most students here buy).  We entered the metro at the Cipro stop by the Residence and transferred to Line B at the Termini stop.  From there, we rode to Pyramide and took a train to Ostia Lido Centro.  Our excitement only grew as each stop on the train carried us farther and farther outside of the city.  The trip in total is about an hour and a half – but definitely worth it!

Once we got off at the Lido Centro stop, the boys ran into a nearby Cafeteria, where the owners pointed us in the right direction.  We followed our noses towards the smell of the sea, and we weren’t disappointed.  Finally, the sight we had all been awaiting sparkled in front of us – the Tyrrhenian Sea.  The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean, located off of the western coast of Italy and named for the Tyrrhenian people.

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The Italians on the beach were exactly like those on the metro, bundled up from head to foot in dark jackets and boots.  We laughed, not sure whether or not we were in the wrong or they were.

The beach was glorious.  The sun sparkled off of the sea, and sailboats floated lazily in the distance.  Half of the girls in our group immediately threw down towels and ripped shirts off, soaking in the suns rays, only to put them on minutes later as the wind chill crept in.  Maybe it really was too early in the season for swimsuits.

That said, one of the boys jumped into the freezing water and floated around for at least a half hour.  I don’t know how he did that.  Wrapped in my sweater, I chose to walk to the waters edge and cool off by letting the icy waves lap at my feet.  It was short lived, but I can say that I was in the Tyrrhenian Sea!  In case you’re wondering, apparently beach weather for Italians is late April and onward.  We were just a little early.

Later, we picked up a (Italian) football that one of the girls had brought, and formed two teams.  The stakes were high – losers had to jump in the sea.  Luckily, we didn’t hold each other to that, and pride was the only thing won after a good game amongst friends.

As the sun went down, we headed home.  Needless to say, without the sun, and dressed as we were, the walk was freezing.  Freezing, but well worth it :).

There’s My Salsa Dancer

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Salsa Night has begun with our energetic teacher Maurizio!

Salsa Night has begun with our energetic teacher Maurizio!

He start off with the basic step for those who have never done this before.

He starts off with the basic step for those who have never done this before.

TURN. Another basic step the students learned.

TURN. Another basic step the students learned.

Gianni got in on the fun too!

Gianni got in on the fun too!

The room was packed with dancing feet

The room was packed with dancing feet!

Everyone got a partner and formed a circle and learn the "cuban opening"

Everyone partnered up, formed a circle, and learned the “Cuban Opening”.

There were too many girls so two Italian women volunteer to do the man's part.

There was one too many women so two Italian women volunteered to do the man’s part.

Gianni helped some students out who were having trouble with some steps.

Gianni helped some students out who were having trouble with some steps.

At the end the Italian dancers put on a show. They were very good!

At the end, the Italian dancers put on a show. They were very good!

The Salsa Night Group. Everyone was an amazing and sweaty time!

The Salsa Night Group. Everyone was having an amazing, sweaty time!

When Your Family Comes For Spring Break!

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For the majority of my spring break my family took a series of day trips around Italy. I have to thank my dad again, his daily posts cataloging our activities really helped when trying to remember in exactly what order we visited each city.

The day after the Roma Ostia Half Marathon we took the high speed train to Venice. It’s everything you dream it would be and then some. Architecture, Murano glass and a gondola ride through the Grand Canal. We also happened to be visiting Venice during the final week of Carnival which also meant we got to experience a wide array of colorful masks and confetti flooding the streets.

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The next day we took a much shorter train ride to the city of Pompeii. We were were able to walk around the a city covered in ash and preserved for over two thousand years. It all happened August 24, 79 AD. I think the Realtor may have steered them wrong on the location. A thousand plus bodies recovered and artifacts galore. The government is slowing the digs in order to allow the next generation the same opportunity. This place had everything. Running water, plumbing, stables… They had to have had a Bank, right? I would dig till I found the Bank, just say’in. Unfortunately we weren’t able to climb Mount Vesuvius due to the fact that there was still snow on the summit, looks like we will just have to go back! : )

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Our next stop was Cinque Terre (five towns) in Northern Italy. We took the “Fast Train” for a day visit to Cinque Terre and it is just that, 5 towns that require a 3-4 minute train ride to each. The weather was beautiful while we were visiting, but prior landslides had damaged the hiking trails that connected each town. The Northern part of Italy is known for their white wines, which is why we decided to do our own version of a wine crawl; new town, new bottle of wine! In Vernazza we stopped in a sardine shop for a local wine tasting and to hear the locals chatter. Dinner was reeled in that day and couldn’t have been better!

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We spent our last day in Italy exploring Rome. Finally a day that didn’t require a train! Don’t get me wrong the train is an excellent way to get around Italy, but getting up at 6am every day during spring break isn’t ideal. We tried to fit everything there is to do in Rome into the one day we had before we set off to France. We started at the Sistine Chapel and then made our way to the Coliseum and Pantheon.

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The Colosseum is 2000 plus years and still standing, even after undergoing a major overhaul in 420 AD in-order to install a removable platform/stage. Complete with trapdoors and unexpected surprises for the battling Gladiators and sideshow slaves that were consumed by the imported wildlife. Throw in an occasional chariot race, fight to the death one on one- you have an exciting Sunday afternoon. This place is huge beyond imagination! The surrounding structures and Roman forum are equally astounding and visually shocking.

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For the last three days of spring break we relaxed in Nice, France alongside the French Rivera. We enjoyed the food, the beach, and the incredible view from our apartment! Ending the trip on a relaxing note was definitely the way to go and was the perfect way to conclude an awesome vacation!

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43 Days, 8 Hours, 53 Minutes Left

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The fact that my time in Rome ends in 43 days, 8 hours, and 53 minutes makes me just want to stop and savor every little second I have left. I want everything I see and feel to last forever…and if it only lasts for the moment, at least I’ll have that moment forever preserved in memory. I walk past this building or that fountain every day on my way to school or to the grocery store or to the residence…they may not have any significance now, but I know I’m going to miss the smallest of seemingly irrelevant details. The other day after slaving away for hours in the library, my friend and I went down the street from school to grab lunch and eat in Piazza del Popolo. We picked a bench near the outer wall and just talked about how much we’ll miss being able to do something as casual as eating, while basking in a historic and beautiful view. Views that I think a lot of Romans take for granted. Rome is such a unique city in that it is everlastingly ancient. It simply can’t be modernized to rival new and bigger cities, like New York. And I don’t think it should or needs to. Take Rome for what it is. Sure the lack of fiber optics and high bandwidths can be frustrating at times, but having the colosseum or the forum or the Trevi Fountain at your disposal outweighs the bad.

It’s crazy how fast time is flying here! The weather is beginning to heat up, spring break is over, and school is heading on the downward track towards final papers and exams. I am definitely starting to feel the push and pressure of the countdown. I still feel like there’s so much more to do and see. One thing I am happy that I’ve done, however, is met a lot of Italians! There’s honestly no better way to learn about a city than to talk to locals. I think a lot of students are intimidated to converse because of the language barrier, but a good amount of Romans do speak English and like learning about Americans! Even if Italians say they don’t speak English well, they are sometimes just embarrassed to speak it because they don’t want to mess it up! “La bella figura” is an Italian philosophy that literally translated means “the beautiful figure.” Italians want to emphasize beauty, proper behavior, and a good image. So you shouldn’t be hesitant to practice the language with them…they can be just as insecure! Any time that me and my friends take a cab somewhere, we always engage in conversation with the driver. And almost always, the drivers are impressed that we speak Italian, and want to know what we think of Rome. They are happy to talk to us and recommend their favorite sites in the city.

There are plenty of places to meet other people our age, but the most connections I’ve made have been in discotecas or in popular hangout spots like Campo de’ Fiori, which is known for attracting a lot of Americans and students. Me and my friends, for instance, met two Londoners who run a pub crawl here in Rome, and became friends with them. Now me and my roommate have a trip planned to England next month! I’ve also met a couple of people who actually did not speak or understand any English, which was really good practice for me. I had to rely solely on my Italian skills, which was fun…I’m hoping to be fluent by the time I leave. Just being open to meeting new people opens a lot of doors. You’ll learn so much more about the culture of the city!

“Can I Pet Your Dog…”

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With the semester officially half way over it’s time to start thinking about *gulp* final projects.

I have a photography project that is pretty vague, only requirement is to take 20 photos a week and add them to a folder, easy enough, right? Wrong! The first idea I ran by my professor had to do with photographing all of the lions you see around Rome. It’s cooler than you think, kind of like where’s Waldo but with lions. Well this idea was promptly turned down because she felt as though I wouldn’t have “enough to shoot.” I guess she’s right though… I don’t know if I could see myself shooting different lions every week until the end of the semester.

My second project is for my Anthropology class and has to deal with a cultural aspect of Rome. It could be anything, but for the most part will focus on people and their habits.

One huge difference between the Romans and the Americans is how much they walk. People walk anywhere and everywhere in Rome, it’s an awesome way to burn all of that pasta and gelato!

But you can’t walk alone! Along with walking in general, there is also a noticeably larger amount of dogs in Rome than in America. Sometimes it’s near impossible not to stop people on the streets to asking them to pet their dogs.

This is exactly why I decided to use people and their dogs not only for one of my projects, but for both! It’s like killing two birds with one stone!

For photography I’ll get my variety of shots along with a unique project that will be fun to look back on once I return home to the US.

And for Anthropology, I’ll be able to compare breeds of dogs with people, who has their dogs dressed up, who has it just for show, and whose dog is more of an accessory vs. a family dog.

I’ve already gone out once specifically looking for dogs and their owners to talk to, and I was surprised with what I found.

I didn’t have anybody turn down my request to take their photo and around half of the owners were genuinely interested in my project and what I was planning to do.

It was interesting to see the men with their larger dogs walking around town with their blazers compared to the women found hanging around the designer stores with their small Pomeranians complete with sweaters embroidered with “I ❤ MOMMY!”

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This is a perfect example of what experienced when I went out to shoot for my classes. This man was dressed in a full suit, and while I’m not sure if it was a fashion choice, for work, or a combination of the two, he still made sure he had time in the middle of the afternoon to walk his dog, and look good doing it!

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I must have stood and talked to this woman for at least 10 minutes. She was curious as to why I was talking pictures of people with their dogs and wanted to know where I was from and even how I was enjoying my time in Rome.

Initially I was hesitant about doing a form of street photography because I wasn’t sure how people would react to a stranger asking to take their picture, but after just one day of taking pictures and talking to locals I know I made the right choice.

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I also think it will be interesting for Anthropology once I’ve accumulated more data and can really see what the “popular” dog choices are in Rome.

Spring Break: Part II

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From Madrid, our large group split up into different directions, some people heading to Barcelona, others Amsterdam, and some choosing to remain in Madrid.  My roommate and I hopped back onto a plane and set off for Prague in the Czech Republic.

If you’ve been curious, all of our travels we have been eschewing the typical hostel stays for some good deals on Airbnb, an online apartment/room rental you should definitely check out while traveling, especially in groups.  In Prague, we stayed at a complex housing several other weekend travelers.  For many, Prague is a manageable three-day visit during which most important and popular sights can be visited.

Our first day out on the town, we grabbed cappuccinos and pastries for breakfast.  I’ve heard that the Czech Republic is known for its bread, and, let me tell you, it was fantastic.  From there, we walked a short distance to Old Town Square, where on the hour a large clock chimes and wooden saints appear at its windows.  The square is crowded, full of food vendors, relaxing locals, and street performers.  While we waited for a friend, we watched an artist create massive soap bubbles and listened to a duo cover many popular, yet surprisingly old, American songs.

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Then, our friend, who was studying in Prague, gave us the grand tour.  We crossed the bridge, which was full of more vendors, many selling Bohemian glass jewelry, and tourists, many buying said jewelry.  The river was gorgeous, with lamps beginning to cast a faint glow over the dark waters.  I will say this – Prague is definitely a beautiful city at night.  The old gothic architecture is lit for nightwalkers, transforming city into an image from a fairytale.

From there, we visited the Lennon Wall, a wall historically known as a place for young Czechs to voice their feelings about the Communist regime of Gustav Husak in 1988.  It has been decorated with John Lennon-inspired graffiti since the 1980s, and it is continuously changing to this day.  Most of the messages are about youth, love, and peace.

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The next day, my roommate and I visited Prague Castle.  It is the largest ancient castle in the world, and includes churches, gardens, and royal residences (Hradcany, Prague 1).  You can take the funicular up, but my roommate and I just took the walk, enjoying the nighttime view.  Afterwards, we bought some Hot Wine and Sweet Bread, classic treats, from a street vendor and strolled around Old Town Square.  These, and the street artist putting on a fire show, kept us nice and warm in the cold air.

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During our last day, we packed up our bags and stored them in lockers at the Prague Main Railway Station.  We bought a return trip ticket to Kutna Hora, a small town fifty minutes away from Prague by train.  There, we checked out the Sedlec Ossuary, a small chapel estimated to contain the skeletons of between 40,000 and 70,000 people!  Inside, the bones of its residents have been arranged to form garlands, chandeliers, crests, and pyramids within the chapel.  According to legend, a nearly blind monk arranged the bones as such and upon completion, regained his sight.  While it was creepy, the signs in the chapel reminded us that the skeletons were not a symbol of death, but rather of “the equality of people before the throne of God.”

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And now, back to Roma!